Mr Denmore, author of The Failed Estate, writes about the extraordinary attack on Emma Alberici, because of her analysis of the Australian government’s corporate tax cuts ambition, which she says would be detrimental to Australia. After a complaint from the Prime Minister, her words were deleted from the ABC website, and this marks the ongoing curtailment of the press that is occurring in Australia. Denmore explains that this is a global trend. The story was published by The Independent Australia 20 February 2018).
Who would have thought an analysis of corporate tax policy would set so many pulses racing?
But ABC journalist Emma Alberici’s analysis piece criticising the need for corporate tax cuts in Australia when so few companies pay any has certainly provided a needed distraction from our recent diet of beetroot.
As economics journalist Greg Jericho has pointed out, Alberici is hardly alone in making the case against corporate tax cuts. Neither are her arguments a reflexive, innumerate and leftist simplification, as some of her critics at The Australian and the Financial Review have variously claimed.
The fact is there is a serious international debate about the effects on liberal democracies of the increasing pressure on governments to provide greater and greater tax relief to footloose global capital. None other than International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Christine Lagarde has warned in recent days of a global “race to the bottom” as governments seek to match the Trump administration’s tax cuts.
“What we are beginning to see already and what is of concern is the beginning of a race to the bottom, where many other policy makers around the world are saying: ‘Well, if you’re going to cut tax and you’re going to have sweet deals with your corporates, I’m going to do the same thing.”’
Lagarde also noted the impact on areas such as infrastructure, health and education:
“You need public money. The race to the bottom is not conducive to those investments and to helping prepare the workforce and our societies for this new economy of tomorrow.”
Aside from the economic arguments, the more disturbing element of this story was that the ABC pulled Alberici’s analysis from its website last week, on the grounds it did not meet the broadcaster’s editorial standards. It was later revealed that the Prime Minister, his Communications Minister Mitch Fifield and Treasurer Scott Morrison had all complained to the ABC about the article on the grounds it was neither fair, accurate nor balanced. (In other words, they are struggling to sell tax cuts to the public and are now shooting the messenger.)
The ABC’s editorial director Alan Sunderland was at pains to say the decision to pull the article down had been made independently by senior management, due to “editorial problems” related to the broadcaster’s policies differentiating factual reporting analysis and opinion.
Genuinely perplexed about what these “editorial problems” were, a few of us on Twitter challenged Sunderland to be more specific. As far as academic economists like John Quiggin were concerned, the article was factually correct and reflected what many professional economists have been saying about the affordability and effectiveness of corporate tax cuts. As a piece of analysis, it naturally will have a point of view, I offered.
One could question whether the rigid distinction between factual reporting, analysis and opinion, expressed in the ABC guidelines, are as clear-cut as Mr Sunderland imagines or would like. Every piece of journalism, even a just-the-facts account of a car crash, has a point of view. The notion of the journalist as a kind of outside-the-system cyborg, totally detached from the world they are describing is really rather naive, particularly in an age of social media where the audience can talk back.
Frame blindness describes a situation where journalists fail to recognise the ideological nature of their own framing of issues. Framing relates to a key dilemma in journalism. On the one hand, reporters provide just the facts. On the other hand, they are teachers and storytellers compelled to draw on frames to educate, persuade and entertain.
The dominant frame in economic and finance journalism for nearly four decades has been the acceptance of neoliberalism as the organising principle of society and the economy. So lower taxes are assumed a priori as an economic good, as is private ownership over public, less regulation rather than more and “market” solutions over publicly driven ones. We have been living with the consequences of not questioning that automatic framing since the global financial crisis of 2008. Now, we are starting to see challenges to these assumptions, and not just from voices on the left.
One critical role of a public broadcaster, in an age dominated by self-interested media conglomerates, is to challenge accepted frames and to ask questions that risk annoying politicians who assume the answer to every policy question is to tax and spend less. In contrast, the more that journalists are expected to write as if they are standing outside and above it all, the more they are likely to be comfortably embedded, inside the machine, without being aware of it.
It’s hard not see this episode as another example of the ABC being nobbled by the culture warriors and the neoliberal IPA types who resent its very existence. Its hyper-sensitivity to any analysis that may stir those beasts means it inevitably errs on the side of shutting down voices on the left, or just as bad, parading a “view from nowhere” blandness that just reinforces the existing power structure and offers no balance to the dominant view of the corporate-owned media.
This pattern of undermining public broadcasting and censoring independent-minded journalism is part of a global attack on democratic institutions and free expression. Against that background, Emma Alberici’s greatest sin was not so much expressing a point of view but daring to tell some uncomfortable truths.